Kidney plays a fundamental role in regulation of body fluids, electrolytes and acid-base balance. Potassium imbalance may leads to CKD consequences in to multiple derangements including hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis and hyperphosphatemia. It further cause complications like muscle wasting, bone-mineral disorder, vascular calcification and mortality.

Hyperkalemia (abnormally higher level of ppotassium in blood serum) is one of the most common and life-threatening electrolyte disorders in CKD. It increases multifold with the advancement of CKD.

Keep potassium level under check before it go too high

GOAL RANGE 3.5-5.0 mmol/L

Actively avoid foods that are high in potassium. Alternatively, eat variety of foods but with limitation  on quantity.

Keep in mind:

Almost all foods contain some potassium, hence the portion of the serving is very important. A multifold amount of a low potassium food can be cause of a high-potassium food

Leaching process: it helps in pulling potassium out of some high potassium vegetable and pulses:

  • Peel and dip the vegetable in cold water and slice the vegetable 1/8 inch thick
  • Rinse the vegetable in warm water for a few seconds
  • Soak for a minimum of two hours in warm water. Use ten times the amount of water to the amount of vegetables. If soaking longer, change the water every four hours.
  • Rinse under warm water again for a few seconds.
  • Cook the vegetable with five times the amount of water to the amount of vegetable

Leaching potassium from roots and tubers:

Double boiling cooking is more effective than normal cooking for leaching potassium especially from roots and tubers, decreased potassium levels by 50% and 75% respectively.

Information on this website is provided for informational purposes and is not meant to substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professionals. This website is meant for use by Indian residents only.