Botanical Name :- Abies spectabilis (D.Don) Mirb.,
Family :- Pinaceae.
Synonyms :- Abies webbiana (Wall. ex D.Don) Lindl., Abies spectabilis (D. Don) Spach, Abies chilrowensis Parl., Abies brevifolia (A.Henry) Dallim., Picea naphta Knight, Pinus spectabilis D.Don, Pinus webbiana Wall. ex D.Don.
Regional Name :- English : Himalayan Siver, Hindi : Talish Patra, Sanskrit : Patradhyam, Urdu : Zarnab, Assamese : Talish, Bengali : Talish Pala, Taleesh Patra, Gujrati : Talish Patra, Kannada : Tales Patra, Talisapathra, Shukodara, Malayalam : Talisapatra, Taleesapatri, Marathi : Laghu Taleespatra, Oriya : Talis, Tamil : Talispatra, Taleesapatri, Telugu : Taleesapatri.
Description :- Talish is a tall, evergreen tree with thick, spreading, horizontal branches attaining a height of 60 m found in grows Assam, Nepal, Bengal Kashmir and Himalayas at an altitude of 2800-10000 m. Leaves flat, 1 to 5.5 cm long, about 2 mm broad; shining, midrib in the upper surface channelled down the middle but raised beneath; with two faint white lines on either side of the midrib beneath, petiole very short, greyish-brown; odour, terebinthinelike; taste, astringent.
Part Used :- Leaf.
Phytoconstituents :- It is contains Essential Oil, Alkaloid, steroids, tannins, saponins, amino acids, phytosterols, alkaloids like 1-(4'-methoxyphenyl)-aziridine, lipids and biflavonoid etc. Main chemical constituents like abiestin, bioflavonoid, bita-sitosterol, n-triacontanol, abioflavonoid and two glycosides: abietane, betuloside and methylbetuloside. It also contains essential oils which contain majorly alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, limonene, carvone, monoterpenes, camphene and bornyl acetate.
Ayurvedic Properties :- Rasa : Madhura, Katu, Tikta, Guna : Laghu, Tiksna, Virya : Usna, Vipaka : Katu, Karma : Dipana, Hrdya, Vatakaphapham, Slesmapittajit.
Ayurvedic Applications :- Kasa, Agnimandya, Hikka, Krmi, Ksaya, Mukharoga, Svasa,
Gulma, Amadosa, Chardi, Aruci.
Medicinal Uses :- It is used in diseases such as cough, common cold, asthma, chronic bronchitis, sneezing, allergic rhinitis and upper respiratory infections, improves digestion strength, Gas or flatulence, Bloating, Abdominal distension, abdominal tumors, useful in oral disorders, relieves vomiting, Headache, fever, Hemoptysis, Hoarseness, Neuralgia, Phthisis, and Splenosis