Botanical Name :- Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H.Rob., Family :-  Asteraceae /Compositae.

Synonyms :- Conyza cinerea L.;  Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less. , Serratula cinerea (L.) Roxb., Cyanthillium albicans (DC.) H.Rob., Cyanthillium cinereum var. cinereum, Vernonia cinerea var. parviflora (Reinw. ex Blume) DC., Vernonia leptophylla DC., Vernonia physalifolia DC.,

Regional Name :- English : Purple Fleabane, Fleabane, Hindi : Sahadevi, Sanskrit : Uttamkanyaka, Dandotpala, Punjabi : Sehdei, Assamese : Schdevi, Bengali : Kuksim, Gujarati : Sadoree, Sadodee, Kannada : Sahadevee, Okarchendhi, Malayalam : Poovan Kuruntala, Mukkuthaipo, Marathi : Sadodee, Sahdevee, Tamil : Naichotte Poonde, Telugu : Garita Kammi, Sehadevi.

Part Used :- Whole Plant.

Description :- The species is native to tropical Africa and to tropical Asia (India, Indochina, Indonesia, etc.) and Australia, Mesoamerica, tropical South America, the West Indies, and the US State of Florida. Sahadevi is an erect, rarely decumbent, branched herb, 12-75 cm high, found throughout India ascending to an altitude of 1800 m. Root are 5-12 cm long, 1-7 mm thick, oblique and gradually tapering, bearing a few rootlets; external surface, dirty brown; fracture, short. Stem are glabrous, cylindrical, hairy, slightly branched; 10-17 cm long, 1-8 mm thick, grooved and ribbed; basal region of branches greenish-brown, apical region dark green, bearing a number of flowers; fracture, short. Leaves are simple, dark-green, smooth, alternate or opposite, exstipulate, 2.5-5 cm long,1.8-3.6 cm broad, elliptical, lanceolate, obtuse or acutely toothed; shape and size variable; petiole short; odour, slightly characteristic.

Phytoconstituents :- It contains Saponins, Sapogenins, Flavonoids. It is also contains lupeol, 12-oleanen-3-ol-3ß-acetate, stigmasterol and ß-sitosterol.

Ayurvedic Properties :- Rasa : Katu, Tikta, Guna : Laghu, Ruksa, Vipaka : Katu, Virya : Usna, Karma : Sothahara, Kaphavatasamaka, Svaraghna, Nidrakara.

Ayurvedic Applications :- Jvara, Visamajvara, Sidhma, Visphota, Bhutabadha, Grahabadha, Sphotaka, Pradara, Slipada.

Medicinal Uses :- It is used for coughs, fever, flatulence, stomach aches and diarrhea, intestinal colic, dysuria, pityriasis, leucoderma, psoriasis, inflammation, haemorrhoids, lower abdominal pains, menstrual pains and other chronic skin-diseases. It is used for urinary disorders and destroying pediculi.


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