Botanical Name :- Fumaria indica (Hausskn.) Pugsley ., Family :- Fumaraceae / Papaveraceae.

Synonyms :-  Fumaria parviflora var. indica (Hausskn.) Parsa; Fumaria vaillantii var. indica Hausskn.

Regional Name :- English : Fumitory, Hindi : Pittapapada, Dhamgajra, Pittapapara, Sanskrit :Varatika, Suksmapatra, Urdu : Parpata, Punjabi :Shahtara, Pittapapara, Assamese : Shahtaraj, Bengali :Vanshulpha, Bansulpha, Gujrati :Pittapapada, Pitpapado, Pittapapado, Kannada : Kallu Sabbasige, Parpatu, Chaturasigide, Marathi :Pittapapada, Shatara, Parpat, Tamil : Tura, Tusa, Telugu : Parpatakamu.

Part Used :- Whole Plant.

Description :- Indian Fumitory is a small, scandent, branched, annual herb growing wild in plains and lower hills is found throughout the Himalayas, up to altitudes of 2400 m. It is a delicate much-branched annual herb with clusters of tiny pale-pinkish to whitish flowers, each 5-6 mm long. Sepals are minute. Upper petal has short, somewhat down-curved sac-like spur. Flower-stalks are erect, as long or slightly shorter than the lace shaped bracts. Leaves are 2-3 times cut into narrow pointed segments, about 1 mm broad. Stems are glaucous, leafy, 5-30 cm long. Fruit is round, about 2 mm.

Phytoconstituents :- The major chemical constituents of the plant include narceimine, (-)-tetrahydrocoptisine, narlumidine, methyl fumarate, protopine, bicuculine, and fumariline.

Ayurvedic Properties :- Rasa :Tikta, Guna :Laghu, Vipaka :Katu, Virya :Sita, Karma :Kaphahara, Pittahara, Samgrahi, Raktadosahara, Rocaka.

Ayurvedic Applications :- Bhrama, Chardi, Daha, Jvara, Raktapitta, Raktavikara, Trsa, Mada, Glani.

Medicinal Uses :- It is used in eye irritation,  (conjunctivitis), and to remove skin blemishes, treat skin diseases and as well as to cleanse the kidneys, fluid retention. It is used in Acne, Eczema and Liver Diseases, heart problems, Gum infection, swelling and constipation. It is also treating intestinal spasms and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); and to start the flow of bile, ulcerative colitis, Intestinal parasites and digestive problem.

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