Pithivan / Prishniparni

Botanical Name :- Uraria picta (Jacq.) DC., Family :- Fabaceae/Leguminosae.

Synonyms :- Doodia picta Roxb., Hedysarum pictum Jacq., Uraria aphrodisiaca Welw., Uraria leucanthaSpan., Uraria linearis Hassk., Uraria pictasensu Wight,

Regional Name  :- English : Indian Uraria, Hindi : Pithavan, Dabra, Sanskrit : Citraparni, Kalasi, Dhavani, Prthakparni, Shrigalavinna, Punjabi : Detedarnee, Bengali : Salpani, Shankarjata, Chhalani, Chakule, Gujrati : Pithavan, Kannada : Murele Honne, Ondele honne, Prushniparni, Malayalam : Orila, Marathi : Pithvan, Prshniparni, Oriya : Prushnipamee, Shankarjata, Tamil : Oripai, Telugu : Kolakuponna.

Part Used :- whole plant

Description :- It is globally distributed in the Tropics. Within India, it is commonly found in the dry grass-lands, waste places, and open forests in the sub-Himalayan tract from Kashmir to West Bengal and Assam, up to an altitude of 1800 m., and all over the plains of India. Prsniparni is an erect, under shrub up to 90 cm high. Root are varying size, thickness of 1 to 2 cm, gradually tapering, tough, woody, cylindrical, externally light yellow to buff, internally pale yellow; surface bearing fine longitudinal striations; fracture, splintery or fibrous. Stem are about 8.0 to 16.0 cm long, 0.2 to 0.4 cm in diameter, cylindrical, branched, pubescent, external surface light yellow to brown, mature stem longitudinally wrinkled, leaf scar present at nodes. Leaf are very variable, imparipinnate, upto 20 cm or more long, up to 2 cm wide, leaflets on the upper part of the stem 5 to 7, rigidly sub-coriaceous, linear-oblong, acute, blotched with white.

Phytoconstituents  :- Flavones, Isoflavones, Triterpenes and Steroids.

Ayurvedic Properties :- Rasa : Madhura, Amla, Katu, Tikta, Guna : Laghu, Sara, Vipaka : Madhura, Virya : Usna, Karma : Angamardaprasamana, Balavardhaka, Dipana, Jivanu,  Nasaka,  Sangrahi, Sothahara, Sandhaniya, Tridosahara, Vatahara, Vrsya.

Ayurvedic Applications :- Asthibhagna, Atisara, Chardi, Daha, Ekahika, Jvara, Jvara, Kasa, Kaphajamadatyaya, Nataprabala, Pilla, Raktatisara, Raktavikara, Raktarsa, Svasa, Trsna, Unmada, Vatarakta, Vraaa, Vataroga.

Medicinal Uses :- It is used in Bleeding Diarrhoea, Emesis, Burning sensation, Fracture, Heart disease,  fever, cough, asthma, mania, Gout, ulcer, Gonorrhoea, Bleeding piles and Blood Disorders.


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