Quercus infectoria G.Olivier
Quercus carpinea Kotschy ex A.DC., Quercus grosseserrata Kotschy ex Wenz., Quercus puberula O.Schwarz, Quercus thirkeana K.Koch.
English : Oak-Gall , Hindi : Maajoophal, Majuphal , Sanskrit : Mayaphala , Urdu : Mazu, Mazuphal , Punjabi : Maju , Assamese : Aphsa , Bengali : Majoophal, Majuphal , Gujrati : Muajoophal, Mayfal , Kannada : Machikaai, Mapalakam , Malayalam : Majakaanee, Mashikkay , Marathi : Maayaphal , Oriya : Mayakku , Tamil : Machakaai, Masikki, Mussikki , Telugu : Machikaaya.
It is a small tree or shrub, 2 to 5 m high, native of Greece, Asia Minor, Syria and Iran. The galls are excrescences on the twigs, resulting from insect attack of the growing, rudimentary leaves; they are imported into India. Galls spherical or pear-shaped, hard and brittle 1.2 to 2.5 cm in diameter having a short basal stalk and numerous rounded projections on the upper part of the gall; they usually sink in water; surface, smooth, rather shining, bluish-green, olive green or white brown.
Gallic Acid, Tannic Acid, Starch and Sugars.
Rasa : Kasaya , Guna : Laghu, Ruksa , Virya : sita , Vipaka : Katu , Karma : Kaphahara, Pittahara, Dipani, Grahi.
Arsa, Atisara, Grahani, Mukha Roga, Pravahika, Danta Roga, YoniKanda, Sveta Pradara.
It is used in Diseases including dental problems, abdominal diseases, Chronic Diarrhoea with mucus, Dysentery, Bleeding piles, Rectal prolapse, Kidneys & Urinary Bladder problems, Frequent urination, Urinary incontinence, Urinary tract infections (pus in urine), Women Health, uterine disorders, Uterine prolapse, Leucorrhoea, Excessive uterine bleeding etc.