Melia azedarach L.
Melia cochinchinensis M.Roem,; Melia dubia Cav. ; Melia japonica G.Don
Persian Lilac, Hindi :
Bakain, Drek, Sanskrit :
Ramyaka, Dreka, Urdu :
Neem, Punjabi :
Dharek, Bakain, Drek, Assamese :
Khammaga, Bengali :
Ghoranim, Gujrati :
Bakan Limado, Bakai Nimbu, Kannada :
Kadu bevu, Malayalam :
Malaveppu, Marathi :
Bakana Nimb, Tamil :
Malaivembu, Telugu :
Mahaneem a moderate sized deciduous tree native to southern Asia, Indomalaya
, China, Japan, Australasia
and is found throughout India and occurring wild in the sub-Himalayan tracts upto 1800 m. It heights up to 9 to 12 m. The fruit
is a drupe
, marble-sized, light yellow at maturity, hanging on the tree all winter, and gradually becoming wrinkled and almost white.
The main chemical constituents are Tannins and Alkaloids. It contains Melianoninol, melianol, melianone, meliandiol, vanillin and vanillic acid.
Katu, Tikta, Kasaya, Guna :
Ruksa, Vipaka :
Katu, Virya :
: Dahanasaka, Grahi, Kaphajita, Pittajita, Pittakaphahara, Raktadahahara, Rakta Vikarajita
Arsa, Bhrama, Chardi, Gulma, Hrllasa, Kustha, Musika Visa, Prameha, Svasa, Visuci, Visamajvara.
It is used in various diseases such as piles, skin problems, Eczema, ring worms, itching on skin, burns, dandruff, fever, inflammation , Mouth ulcer, gum problem and bad breath. It is also used in Leucorrhoea, heavy periods, blood purification, Goitre, Gout, Arthritis, excess fat in body, tumours, abnormal cell growth, Intestinal parasites, Intestinal infection, Menstruation related problems, Vaginal and uterus infection.