Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.
Benincasa hispida var.chieh-qua F.C.How, Benincasa hispida var.hispida.
English : White guard melon, Hindi :Kushmand, Petha, Sanskrit :Puspaphalam, Brihatphalam, Urdu :Petha, Punjabi :Petha,Assamese :Kumra, Bengali :ChalKumra, Gujrati : Safed Kohalu, Bhuru, Kohalu, BhuruKolu, Kannada :BoodiHumbala, Malayalam :Kumbalanga, Marathi :Kohala, Oriya :Kakharu, Panikakharu, Tamil :Pooshanikkai, Telugu :Boodida Gummadi.
This species is probably a native of Japan and Java. It is now widely cultivated in tropical Asia. Kushmand is an extensive trailing or climbing herb cultivated as a vegetable throughout the plains of India up to an altitude of 1200 m. Drug occurs in deformed, compressed, cut pieces of various sizes; epicarp cream coloured with light yellowish to brownish mesocarp; taste, slightly acidic.
Main chemical constituents of Kushmand is Fatty Oil. It contains Amino acids, mucins, mineral salts, vitamins B and C, fixed oil, 44%; starch, 32%; an alkaline, cucurbitine; an acid resin, myosin, vitellin and sugar 4%.
Rasa :Madhura, Amla, Guna :Laghu, Virya :Sita, Vipaka :Madhura, Karma :Balya, Dipana, Hrdya, Vrsya, Bastisodhaka, Mehana, Tridosahara, Jirnanga Pusti Prada, Bastisodhaka, Sramsana, Arocakahara,Vatapittajit.
Mutraghata, Mutrakrcchra, Prameha, Trsna, Asmari, Manasa, Vikara, Malabandha.
It is used in epilepsy, lung diseases, diabetics, obesity, sexual disease, asthma, cough, urinary dysfunction, urine retention and internal hemorrhage. It is also used for tapeworms, bleeding disorders, menorrhagia, improves strength and immunity, peptic ulcers, relieving acidity, constipation and tones the gastrointestinal tract.