Botanical Name

Malva sylvestris L.




Althaea godronii Alef., Althaea mauritiana Alef., Malva ambigua Guss., Malva erecta  C.Presl, Malva grossheimii Iljin, Malva mauritiana L.,

Regional Name

English : blue mallow, cheese flower, common mallow, high mallow, Hindi : gurchanti, socholi, Urdu : gul-i-khubazi, khubaji, khubbazi, tukhm gul-i-khair, tukhm khubazi, tukhm khubbazi, tukhm-e-khubbazi, Kannada : sanna bindee gida, sanna bindige gida, seeme bende, Marathi : kubaajee.

Part Used



This species is globally distributed in temperate and subtropical Eurasia, introduced and naturalized in North America. Within India, it is found from Kashmir to Kumaon up to an altitude of 2400 m., Bihar and parts of the Deccan Peninsula, mostly as a weed. It is also cultivated in gardens. Khubbaji is a biennial or perennial plant. It is covered with small hairs and usually has creeping stems. It can grow up to one meter in height. It is a vigorously healthy plant with showy flowers of bright mauve-purple, with dark veins; a handsome plant, often standing 3 or 4 feet (1 m) high and growing freely in fields, hedgerows and in fallow fields.


The main chemical constituents are ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, phytosterol, potassium nitrate and alkaloids. It also contains Vitamins A, B, C, E; inulin; mucilage; phenols; flavonoids; essential fatty acids; fiber; calcium; magnesium; zinc; selenium; potassium.

Ayurvedic Properties

Guna : Laghu, Ruksha, Rasa : Tikta, Katu, Kashaya, Vipaka : Katu, Virya : Ushna, Karma : Tridosahara.

Ayurvedic Applications

Pachana, Depana, Raktadosha, Sotha, Kasa, Antrasula, Prameha

Medicinal Uses

It is used especially for inflammation, urinary disorders, diseases of respiratory systems, asthma, bronchitis, coughing, throat infections and emphysema. It is also used for the treatment of kidney stones, gallstones,  kidney inflammation, headache, constipation, gastritis, toothaches and insomnia. It is also used for the treatment for wounds, boils, skin rashes, insect bites, pimples, eczema, acne and swellings.

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