Bauhinia variegata L
Bauhinia chinensis (DC.) Vogel, Bauhinia decora Uribe, Bauhinia variegata var. chinensis DC, Bauhinia variegata var. variegata, Phanera variegata (L.)Benth.
Mountain Ebony, Hindi :
Kachanar, Kanchanar, Kachnar, Sanskrit :
Kancanaraka, Punjabi :
Kanchnar, Urdu : Kanchnal Burmese, Bwaycheng, Bwechin, Assamese :
Kancan, Kanchan, Bengali :
Kanchana, RaktaKanchana,Gujrati :
Champakati, Kanchnar, Kachnar, Kannada :
Keyumandar, Kanchavala, Kashmiri : Kalad, Malayalam : ChuvannaMandharam, Marathi : Kanchana, Raktakancana,Oriya :
Kachana, Kaniara, Tamil :
Sigappumandarai, Sihappumantarai, Telugu :
Kachnar is found in South
and Southeast Asia
, from southern China
, and Sri Lanka
.Within India, it is found throughout, ascending to an altitude of 1300 m. in the Himalayas. It is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 10–12 metres (33–39 ft) tall. Leaves are split at the tip dividing the leaf into two halves, broad, rounded, 10-20 cm long.Flowers conspicuous, bright pink or white, 8-12 cm diameter, with five petals, fruit pod 15-30 cm long, containing many seeds.
Kachnar bark contains tannins
and a brown coloured sticky gum like liquid.
Kasaya, Guna -
Laghu, Ruksa, Virya -
Sita, Vipaka -
Katu, Karma - Dipana, Grahi, Tridosahara, Gandavrddhihara.
Apaci, Gandamala, Krmiroga, Vrana, Gudabhramsa.
The bark and buds of tree are alterative and astringent. It is used for treating leprosy, Scrofula, Ulcers, mouth disorders, tumours, intestinal worms, wounds, inflammations, skin diseases, protoptosis, haemorrhoids, haemoptysis, goiter, galaganda, cough, and other diseases. It is used to treatment of menorrhagia and bleeding disorders such as abnormally heavy or prolonged menstruation, bleeding piles, blood in urine.