Botanical Name :- Hyssopus officinalis L.,

Family :- Lamiaceae.

Synonyms :- Hyssopus alopecuroides Fisch. ex Benth., Hyssopus altissimus Mill., Hyssopus  angustifolius M.Bieb., Hyssopus beugesiacus Jord. & Fourr., Hyssopus hirsutus Hill, Hyssopus myrtifolius Desf., Hyssopus orientalis Adam ex Willd., Hyssopus passionis Sennen & Elias, Hyssopus  polycladus Jord. & Fourr., Hyssopus ruber Mill., Hyssopus schleicheri G.Don ex Loudon, Hyssopus  vulgaris Bubani, Thymus hyssopus E.H.L.Krause.

Regional Name :- English: Hyssop, Hindi : Jufa, Jupha, Urdu : Zanjibil, Zufa khusk, Zufah khushk, Zufah-i-khushk, Zufah-khushk, Chinese : Ngau sat chou, Malayalam : Isop, Japanese :  Hissopu.

Part Used :- Whole Plant.

Description :- This species is globally distributed in Europe and West Asia. Within India, it has been recorded in Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh. The plant has localized distribution and occurs only in Pattan valley while absent from the Chandra and Bhaga valleys) and Uttar Pradesh between an altitude range of 2400-3300 m. It is brightly coloured shrub or subshrub that ranges from 30 to 60 cm (12 to 24 in) in height. The stem  is woody at the base, from which grow a number of straight branches. Its leaves are lanceolate, dark green in colour, and from 2 to 2.5 cm (0.79 to 0.98 in) long

Phytoconstituents :- The volatile oil contains thujone phenol, camphene, camphone, α-β-pinenes, terpinene, linalool, bornylacetate, terpinene, borneol, pinocamphone, isopinocamphone, geraniol, limonene and phellandrene. It contains the glycoside hyssopin, flavonoids (including diosmin and hesperidin), tannins, caffeic acids, resin, gum, and the bitter substance known as marrubiin. Terpenoids  include marrubiin, ursolic acid and oleanolic acid.

 Ayurvedic Properties :- Rasa : Katu (Pungent), Tikta (Bitter), Guna : Laghu (Light for digestion), Ruksha (Dry in nature), Teekshna (Strong), Vipaka : Katu, Virya : Ushna (Hot), Karma : Kaphavata shamaka.

Ayurvedic Applications :- Pachana, Depana, Vrushya, Jwara, Apasmara, Kushta, Svedagraha, Sotha, Kasa, Antrasula,Suryavarta.

Medicinal Uses :- It is used to treat whole gamut of ailments, from falling sickness (epilepsy) to snakebite, respiratory infections, illnesses to loosen phlegm, sore throats, colds, distress of asthma, congested sinuses and catarrh, hoarseness to induce sweating, relieve intestinal gas, relieving flatulence and relaxing the digestive system and combat rheumatism; the green tops boiled in soup have been used in the treatment of asthma, relieve muscular aches and black-and-blue marks, fever and eliminate toxins through the skin. It relieves healing of burns earache and skin inflammations.

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