Ficus racemosa L.
Ficus glomerata Roxb., Ficus chittagonga Miq., Covellia glomerata (Roxb.) Miq., Ficus leucocarpa (Miq.) Miq., Ficus glomerata var. chittagonga (Miq.) King, Ficus racemosa var. elongata (King) M.F.Barrett, Ficus vesca F.Muell. ex Miq.
English : Cluster Fig. Country fig, Hindi : Gulara, Gular, Sanskrit : Sadaphala, Urdu : Gular, Punjabi : Kath Gular, Gular, Bengali : Jagnadumur, Yagnadumur, Assamese : Jangedumuru, Yagyadimru, Kannada : Attihanninamara, Oudumbara, Athimara, Attigida, Kashmiri : Rumbal, Malayalam : Athi, Marathi : Atti, Gular, Umber, Oriya : Jajnadimbri, Dimbiri, Tamil : Atti, Telugu : Atti, Medi.
Gular is an Indo-Malesian species reported to occur in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and South China, Africa and Australia. Within India, it is throughout the greater part in moist localities, along banks of streams and sides of ravines. It is found also on rocky slopes. It is often cultivated around villages for shade and its edible fruits. Gular is a large deciduous tree up to 18 m high, found throughout the year, up to the elevation of 1800 m. Bark greyish-green, surface soft and uneven, 0.5-1.8 cm thick, on rubbing white papery flakes come out from outer surface, inner surface light brown, fracture fibrous, taste, mucilaginous without any characteristic odour.
Gular bark are contains Tannins, flavonoid, glycosides, alkaloids , phenolic acids , steroids , saponins , coumarins , triterpinoids – oleanolic acid rusolic acid , α- hydroxy ursolic acid , protocatechuic acid , maslinic acid. It is also contains leucoanthocyananins, leucocyanidin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol and lupeol.
Rasa : Kasaya, Guna : Guru, Ruksa, Vipaka : Katu, Virya : Sita, Karma : Kaphapittasamaka, Medohara, Metrasangrahaniya, Vranasodhaka,Vranaropaka, Raktastambhana.
Daha, Medoroga, Raktapitta, Yonidosa
It is used for diabetes, diarrhoea, burning sensation, bleeding disorders, skin diseases, wound healing, liver disorders, cough, cold, asthma, fever, inflammation, pain, urinary disorders, vaginal infections, insect bites and mosquito bites