Botanical Name

Rosa x centifolia L.




Rosa centifolia var. muscosa (Aiton) Ser., Rosa gallica var. centifolia (L.) Regel.

Regional Name

English : Rose, Hindi : Gulab, Sanskrit : Devataruni, Karnika, Urdu : Gulab, Ward, Punjabi : Gulab, Assamese : Varde Ahamar, Bengali : Golap, Gujrati : Moshamee Gulab, Kannada : Rojahu, Malayalam : Rosappoovu, Marathi : Gulab, Tamil : Rojapoo, Telugu : Rojapuvvu, Gulabi.

Part Used

Flower, Petals.


Gulab is a small erect shrub, 1-1.8 m high, cultivated in gardens. Flower stalked, pinkish-yellow, consists of sepals, petals and stamens attached to pedicel with thalamus at the base; stalk 0.6-3.5 cm long, light green, slender, covered with numerous prickles and hairs; thalamus 1.0-1.8 cm long, light greenish brown, covered with numerous prickles and hairs; sepal 5, free, 1.3-2.4 cm long, unequal, leaflike, upper part creamish-green and light yellowish-green on lower part, having glandular hairs; petals numerous, pinkish-yellow, 1.5-4.2 cm long, 1.3-2.5 cm wide, smooth obovate to sub-cordate; stamens numerous, free, unequal, dorsifixed, darkbrown; filament 0.3-0.5 cm long; carpels many free, ovary inferior; styles lateral, hairy,free; stigma terminal; taste, astringent; odour, aromatic.


Gulab contains  Essential Oils. It contains citronellol, phenyl ethanol, geraniol, nerol, farnesol and with traces of nonanol, linalool, nonanal, phenyl acetaldehyde, citral, carvone, citronellyl acetate, 2- phenylmenthyl acetate, methyl eugenol, euginol and rose oxide.

Ayurvedic Properties

Rasa : Tikta, Kasaya, Guna : Laghu, Vipaka : Katu, Virya : Sita, Karma : Sukrakara, Dipana, Hrdya, Kaphahara, Netrya, Pittahara,Vatahara, Varnaya.

Ayurvedic Applications

Kustha, Daha, Mukhasphota, Raktapitta, Raktavikara.

Medicinal Uses

Gulab used in skin diseases, anxiety, stress, headaches, migrains, nervous tension and help in emotional problems such as anger, sadness and loss. It is also used in Female reproductive problems,  menopausal symptoms and irregular periods, sexual problems in men, respiratory and digestive systems.

Information on this website is provided for informational purposes and is not meant to substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professionals. This website is meant for use by Indian residents only.