Onosma bracteatum Wall.
Onosma adenopus I.M. Johnst., Onosma affinis Hausskn. ex Riedl.
English : Sedge, Hindi : Gaujaban, Gojiya, Sanskrit : Darvipatra, Vrsajihva, Kharaparnini, Urdu : Gaozaban, Punjabi : Kazban, Gujrati : Bhonpathari, Galajibhi, Bengali : Gojika Sak, Gojialata, Dadisha, Kannada : Shankha Huli, Aakalanalige, Gojaba, Malayalam : Kozhuppu, Marrathi : Govjaban, Paatharee, Oriya : Kharsan, Kharaptra, Tamil : Kharaptra, Dharviptra, Kozha, Telgu : Yeddunaluka.
Gojiha is a perennial, hirsute or hispid herb, sparsely distributed in North Western Himalayas from Kashmir to Kumaon at altitudes of 3,500-4,500 m. Stem - Cut pieces available in 5-9 cm long and 3.2 to 4.7 cm in dia., flattened, erect, stout; rough due to white, hard, hispid hairs and cicatrices, and longitudinal wrinkles; colour greenish-yellow; fracture, short, odour and taste not characteristic. Leaf - Lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 12-30 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm broad, acuminate tubercle-based hispid hairs present on both surfaces; greenish to light yellow on top and white beneath.
Tannins and Sugars.
Rasa : Madhura, Tikta, Kasaya, Guna : Laghu, Vipaka : Madhura, Virya : Sita, Karma : Grahi, Hrdya, Kaphahara, Pittahara, Vatala.
Raktapitta, Kustha, Jvara, Svasa, Kasa, Aruci, Prameha, Raktavikara,Vrana, Danta Roga.
It is used to reduces the symptoms of bronchitis & asthma. It is used for the treatment of rheumatism, jaundice, constipation, syphilis and leprosy. It is also useful in relieving excessive thirst and restlessness in febrile excitement, and also to be useful in relieving functional palpitation of the heart, irritation of the bladder and stomach.