Vitis vinifera L.
Cissus vinifera (L.) Kuntze, Vitis sylvestris C.C.Gmel., Vitis vinifera subsp. sativa Hegi, Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris (C.C.Gmel.) Hegi.
English : Dry Grapes, Hindi : Angoor, Munkka, Sanskrit : Mrdvika, Gostani, Gujrati : Drakh, Darakh, Punjabi : Munaca , Urdu : Munaqqa, Assam : Dakh, Munaqqa, Bengali : Maneka, Kannada : Draksha, Malayalam : Munthringya, Marathi : Draksha, Angur, Oriya :Drakya, Gostoni, Tamil : Drakshai, Kottai Drakshai, Telugu : Draksha Kottai, Drakshai.
Lal Draksh is distributed in the temperate and sub-tropical regions, chiefly of the northern hemisphere. Within India, it is mostly cultivated in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka. It is high climbing vine, with stems up to 35m long in the wild but usually cultivated at around 1–3m.The grapes may be green red in colur.
Lal Draksh is contains Carbohydrates and Tannins, Malic, Tartaric & Oxalic Acids. It contains vitamin C as well as also flavonoids, bioflavonoids - proanthocyanidins (PCOs), bioflavonoids is 20 to 50 times greater than Beta-Carotene or Vitamins C and E. It also contains polyphenols and resveratrol.
Rasa : Madhura, Guna : Sara, Guru, Vipaka : Madhura, Virya : Seta.
Jvara, Svasa, Trsna, Kasa, Kamala, Raktapitta, Agnimandya.
Lal Draksh is used in Heart Disease, retinopathy, haemorrhoids, cancer chemotherapy, Endometriosis, Skin diseases such as psoriasis and eczema, sneezing, cough, bronchitis, congestion and other hallmarks of an allergic reaction.