Botanical Name

Fagonia cretica L.




Fagonia deflexa Moench, Fagonia elongata Salisb., Fagonia erecta Mill., Fagonia forskalii Pfund, Fagonia hispanica L., Fagonia virens Coss. ex T. Anderson, Fagonia viscosa Hochst. ex Boiss.

Regional Name

English : Khorasan thorn, Hindi : Damahan, Dhamaasa, Hinguaa, Dhanhare, Sanskrit : Duhsparsa, Duralambha, Dhanvyasakah, Virupa duralabha, Punjabi : Dama, Dhamah, Dhamaha, Bengali : Duralabha, Gujrati : Dhamaaso, Malayalam : Kodittuva, Marathi : Dhamaasaa, Tamil : Tulganari, Telugu : Chittigava, Gilaregati.

Part Used

Whole plant.


Dhamasa is a small spiny under shrub with stiff, more or less prostrate branches found in north-west India and Deccan. Tap root externally brownish green, rough, with longitudinal striations, core yellowish-green; fracture, fibrous. Stem pieces 0.5 to 1.5 cm thick, of variable lengths; young green, mature brown spiny, two pairs of spines present at each node, spines sharp, slender, 1.5 to 2 cm in length; external surface of stem green, whitish brown when dry, striated. Leaf Small, subsessile, linear, oblong, leaflets entire, green or blackish brown, 0.5 to 1.5 cm in length and 0.05 to 0.1 cm in width, without any prominent midrib region. projected above the level of lamina.


It contains Alkaloids (Harmine); amino acids (alanine, glycine, leucine, arginine isoleucine, lysine, phenylalanine, proline, tyrosine andvalline); terpenoids of oleanane group.

Ayurvedic Properties

Rasa : Madhura, Katu, Tikta, Kasaya , Guna : Laghu, Sara, Virya : Sita, Vipaka : Madhura , Karma : Kaphahara, Medohara, Pittahara, Vatahara.

Ayurvedic Applications

Daha, Grahani, Gulma, Jvara, Kasa, Kustha, Prameha, Raktapitta, , Vatarakta, Visarpa, Atisara, Visamajvara, Trsna, Moha, Murccha, , Madaroga, Raktavikara, Bharama, Chrdi, Mutrghata.

Medicinal Uses

It is the best blood purifier and decomposes blood clots to save from brain haemorrhage and heart problems. It's flowers and leaves can treat all types of Cancers and Thalasemia. It is used for cooling effect, treats all types of Hepatitis. It Strengthens liver and prevents/cures liver cancer. It helps in treatment of body pains, Allergies, Heals pimples and other dermatology problems.


Information on this website is provided for informational purposes and is not meant to substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professionals. This website is meant for use by Indian residents only.