Punica granatum L.
Punica nana L., Punica spinosa Lam.
English : Pomegranate, Hindi : Anar, Sanskrit : Dadimacchada, Lohitapuspa, Dantabija, Urdu : Anar, Rumman, Punjabi : Anar, Bengali : Ddima, Gujrati : Dadama, Kannada : Dalimba, Malayalam :Matalam, Marathi : Dadimba, Tamil : Madalai, Maadalai. Madalam, Telugu : Danimma
Dadim is globally distributed in South Europe, Pakistan, India and West Asia. Within India, it is wild in the warm valley, outer hills of western Himalayas between an altitude range of 900- 1800 m and cultivated in many parts of the country. Dadim is a large deciduous shrub or a small tree, growing to 5-8 m height. The leaves are opposite or sub-opposite, glossy, narrow, oblong, entire, 3-7 cm long and 2 cm broad. The flowers are bright red, with five petals each. The Seeds are brown, angular, wedge-shaped, 0.5-0.6 cm long, 0.1-0.2 cm wide; taste are sweetish-sour.
This fruit is a great source of Vitamins C and folic acid. It is also contains Sugars, Sitosterol, Ursolic acid, Protein, Fat and Mineral matters, Nicotinic acid, Pectin, Riboflavin, Thiamine, Delphinidin diglycoside, Aspartic, Citric, Ellagic, Gallic and Malic acids, Glutamine, Isoquercetin, Estrone and Punicic acid.
Rasa : Madhura, Madura Amla, Madhura, Amla, Guna : Laghu, Snigdha, Madura Amla, Laghu, Virya : Usna, Madura Amla, Vipaka : Madhura, Madura Amla, Karma : Balya, Grahi, Hrdya, Kanthya, Medhya, Pittahara, Sukrala, Vatahara, Kaphahara, Tarpana, Mukhagandhahara.
Daha, Jvara, Trsna.
Dadim is reducing the risk of heart disease, decreasing the risk of Alzheimer's disease, and promoting healthy skin. It also helps in the clearance of blood clots in the arteries, supporting proper blood flow to the heart, it helps to prevent and control anemic conditions like weakness, dizziness, fatigue and hair loss, as it provides support to the blood by supplying it with iron. It also helps to cure conditions like diabetes, osteoarthritis and atherosclerosis. It is also used in fight allergies, intestinal problems, carcinogens, inflammation, wound healing and prevent scars, fruit helps to overcome feelings of weakness or malaise during and after menopause in women.