Botanical NameCinnamomum zeylanicum Blume.
SynonymsCinnamomum verum J.Presl, Camphorina cinnamomum (L.) Farw.
Regional NameEnglish : Cinnamon bark , Hindi : Dalchini , Sanskrit : D¡rusit¡ , Urdu : Darchini , Punjabi : Dalchini, Darchini , Assamese : Dalcheni , Bengali : Daruchini, Darchini , Gujrati : Dalchini , Hindi : Dalchini , Kannada : Dalchini Chakke , Kashmiri : Dalchini, Dalchin , Malayalam : Karuvapatta, Ilavarngathely , Marathi : Dalchini , Oriya : Dalechini, Guda twak.
Part UsedStem bark.
DescriptionDalchini is a moderate sized evergreen tree usually attaining a height of 6-7 .5 m, cultivated on the Western Ghats and adjoining hills, bark collected during April-July and October-December. Bark pieces about 0.5 mm thick, brittle, occurs as single or double, closely packed compound quills, up to a meter or more in length and up to about 1 cm in diameter, outer surface, dull yellowish-brown, marked with pale wavy longitudinal lines with occasional small scars or holes, inner surface darker in color, striated with longitudinally elongated reticulation, fracture, splintery, free from all but traces of cork, odour, fragrant, taste, sweet, aromatic with sensation of warmth.
PhytoconstituentsEssential oil, coumarin ,Tannins and Mucilage.
Ayurvedic PropertiesRasa : Madhura, Katu, Tiktainn , Guna : Laghu, Ruksa, Tiksna , Virya : Usna , Vipaka : Katu , Karma : Kaphavatahara, Rucya, Visaghna, Kanthasuddhikara.
Ayurvedic ApplicationsSitopaladi Curna, Caturjata Curna
Medicinal UsesIt is used in flatulent dyspepsia, dyspepsia with nausea, intestinal colic and digestive atony associated with cold & debilitated conditions. It is used for relieve nausea and vomiting, and because of its mild astringency it is particularly used for infantile diarrhea.