Santalum album L.
Sirium myrtifolium L.
English : Sandal Wood, Hindi :Chandan, Safed Chandan, Sanskrit :Srikhanda, Svetacandana, Urdu : Sandal Safed, Punjabi :Chandan, Gujrati :Sukhad, Assamese :Sandale Avyaj, Bengali :Chandan, Kannada :Shrigandhamara, Shrigandha, Chand, Malayalam :Chandanam, Marathi :Chandan, Tamil :Chandanamaram, Sandanam, Ingam, Telgu :Gandhapu Chekka, ManchiGandham, Tella Chandanam, Sriga.
The Chandan is an evergreen plant with a height of 10-12m and 2 to 4 m in girth, is found in in Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Australia, Hawaiian and Pacific Islands and Malaysia. In India it is cultivated in the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. It is cultivated for its aromatic wood and oil. Yellowish-brown to pale-reddish orange, heavy, dense, hard but split easily; transversely smooth surface shows alternating light and dark concentric zones with numerous pores, traversed by very fine medullary rays; odour, persistently aromatic; taste, slightly bitter.
Volatile oil (α- and β-Santalol). It contains more than 90% sesquiterpenic alcohols of which 50-60% is the tricyclic α-santalol, β-Santalol comprises 20-25%. It is also contains santalal, santene, santenone, teresantol, santalone and santalene.
Rasa :Madhura, Tikta, Guna :Laghu, Ruksa, Vipaka :Katu, Virya :Sita, Karma :Hrdya, Krmighna, Kaphahara, Pittahara, Vrsya, Varnya, Visaghna, Durgandhahara, Dahaprasamana, Trsnahara.
Sosa, Daha, Raktapitta, Raktarsa, Hikka, Vamana, Rakta, Tisara, Pradara , Sukrameha, Netra Roga, Mutraghata, Bhrama, Raktavikara, Krmi Roga.
It is used for the treatment of mental disorders, including common colds, bronchitis, fever, skin diseases, relieving dysentery, urinary tract infections, relieving dysuria and cystitis. and inflammation. Chandan wood fights against harmful bacteria and viruses. It is useful for the treatment of high blood pressure and treatment of insomnia.The component a-santalol is helpful in skin cancer, leukemia, prostate cancer and more.