Amomum subulatum Roxb.
English : The Greater Cardamom, Hindi : Baraa-elaachi, Badi ilaayachi, Sanskrit : sambhava, sthulaela, sthulaila, surabhitvaka, tadaphala, tridivodbhava, triputa, Urdu : Ilaayachi badi, Heel kalan, Punjabi : Budi eleichi, Gujrati : Mothi elichi, Moto-elachi, Bengali : Bara elachi, Baara aliachi, Bad elaach, Kannada :Dodda yalakki, Malayalam :Valiya elam, Perelam, Peri-elav, Marathi : Mothe elaayachi, Moteveldode, Oriya : Badaa alaicha, Alaicha, Tamil : Periya elam, Telugu :Peddayelaki, Pedda elakulu.
Badi Ilayachi is said to be wild in eastern himalayas but cultivated in East Nepal, West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam hills. It is a perennial rhizomatous herb up to a height of 1.5 to 2 m. Fruits are indehiscent capsules, dark brown with occasional pink tinge; ovate - elliptic, 1 to 3 cm long and 1 to 2 cm broad, slightly three angular and three loculed; each locule with a ragged membraneous septum; fruit rind coarsely striated; each fruit bears 20 to 70 seeds held in a viscid pulpy mass; seeds are ovate - elliptic and angular, brownish black, 2 to 4 mm long and 2 to 3 mm broad in size; membraneous aril present; aromatic and strongly pungent with a camphoraceous taste.
It contains Volatile oil predominantly containing cineol with other constituents such as α-pinene, β-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, α-terpinene, β-terpinene, limonene, p-cymene, terpinenol, α-terpineol, δ-terpineol and nerolidol.
Rasa : Tikta, Katu, Guna : Laghu, Ruksa, Vipaka : Katu, Virya : Usna, Karma :Anulomana, Dipana, Hrdya, Kaphahara, Mutrala, Pittasaraka, Sirahsodhaka, Vatahara.
Aruci , Bastivikara, Chardi, Dantaroga, Hallasa , Kaudu, Kantharoga, Kasa, Mukharoga, Raktapitta, Raktavikara, Sirroroga, Sula, Svasa, Trsna, Tvakroga, Visavikara, Vrana.
It is used in different diseases Tastelessness, Emesis, Disease of tooth, Bone fracture, Nausea, Itching, Disease of throat, Disease of mouth, Cough, Asthma, Ulcer, Bleeding disorder, Disorders of blood, Disease of head, Pain / colic, Thirst, Skin diseases, Disorders due to poison.