Botanical Name

Medicago sativa L.




Medica sativa Lam., Medicago afganica (Bordere) Vassilcz., Medicago beipinensis Vassilcz., Medicago grandiflora (Grossh.) Vassilcz., Medicago ladak Vassilcz., Medicago praesativa Sinskaya, Medicago sogdiana (Brand) Vassilcz., Medicago tibetana (Alef.) Vassilcz.

Regional Name

English : Alfalfa, buffal herb, lucerne, purple medic, Hindi : Iasunghas, Rizka, Sanskrit : Asva, Asvabala, Asvaksura, Methika, Kannada : Kudure masaale, kudure masaale soppu, kudure soppu, loosaran, loosarne soppu, vilaayithi hullu, vilayatihullu, Marathi : Lasun-ghas, lujen, vilayatigavat, Tamil : Kutirai macal.

Part Used



It is a perennial herb, found in North America, followed by Europe, South America and Asia. Alfalfa is grown in many other parts of the world, from China to Spain, Sweden to North Africa. Outside of cultivation alfalfa occurs as a weed throughout Asia, Europe and America and mountainous regions of Iran, Afghanistan and adjacent localities. Within India, it is cultivated throughout. It has erect stems up to 60 cm tall with many branches. The leaflets are 5-20 mm long and dentate (toothed) at the apex and sometimes at the base. The flowers are papilionaceous, The calyx, the outer whorl of floral organs, has teeth which are as long as the floral tube (corolla). The corolla is composed of petals fused into a tube which is 6-12 mm long.


Alfalfa contains many essential vitamins and minerals, including AD, E, K, and even the full family of B vitaminsbiotin, calcium, folic acid, ironmagnesiumpotassium and many others, as well as being very high in protein, especially when dried.

Ayurvedic Properties

Rasa : Tikta, Katu, Kasaya, Guna : Snigdha, Tiksna, Virya : Usna, Vipaka : Katu, Karma : Vatahara, Kaphahara, Rasayana, Ubhayatobhagahara.

Ayurvedic Applications

Anaha, Arsa, Grdhrasi, Gandamala, Gulma, Jvara, Kandu, Kaphavataja roga , Krmi, Kustha, Sotha, Prameha, Raktavikara, Tvak roga, Udara , Udavarta,Vrana.

Medicinal Uses

The alfalfa plant has beneficial healing properties against bad breath, sore or achy joints, imbalanced skin conditions, and it even increases immune system. It is very good for detoxifying and better purifying the blood. It is used for kidney conditions, bladder and prostate  conditions, and to increase urine flow. It is also used for high cholesterolasthma,  osteoarthritis,  rheumatoid, arthritis,  diabetesupset stomach, and a bleeding disorder called thrombocytopenic purpura. Regular consumption of alfalfa can lower blood pressure and balance hormones.  

Information on this website is provided for informational purposes and is not meant to substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professionals. This website is meant for use by Indian residents only.