Prunus domestica L.
Druparia prunus Clairv., Prunus communis Huds., Prunus oeconomica Borkh.
English : Prune, Hindi : Alu, Alubukhara, Alucha, Ahanalu, Sanskrit : Alabukhara, Aaruka, Arukam, Urdu : Ajaas, Alu bokhara, Alu bukhara, Alubokhara, Kannada : Aaloobokara, Albogaara hannu, Albogade, albokhala, Malayalam : Arukam, Alums, Marathi : Aaaloobukhaara, veeraruruka, Tamil : Aluppukkarappalam, Telugu : Alpagaadaa pondlu, Alpagodapandu.
It is a small deciduous tree grows 9 to 15 m (29 to 50 ft) tall, and has reddish-brown twigs with few or no spines; young twigs are often pubescent (covered with short, downy hair). The leaves are oval to oblong, up to 10 cm (4 in) long, somewhat serrated or with wavy margins. The 5-petalled white flowers occur singly or in clusters of 2 or 3. The fruit is up to 8 cm (3 in) long, and is round to oval drupe with a hard, stony, flattened pit.
It contains niacin, vitamin B-6, patothenic acid and oxyphenisatin. It is also contains flavonoids, flavonoid glycosides, abscisic acid, lignans, carotenoid pigments, quinic acid, bipyrrole, dihydroflavonols and carbohydrates.
Rasa : Madhura, Amla, Kasaya, Guna : Guru, Snigdha, Vipaka : Madhura, Virya : Usna, Karma : Dipana, Grahi, Rucya, Vatahara, Pacana.
Aksiroga, Svasa, Kustha, Visa, Gulma, Sula, Adhmana, Anaha, Krmiroga, Udararoga, Siroroga, Vibandha, Hrdroga.
It is used for treating for cancer prevention, digestive health, brain health, constipation, blood sugar, macular prevention and weight loss. It is also used for treating of arteriosclerosis, excess uric acid, rheumatism and arthrosis, gout and liver diseases.