Botanical Name :- Crateva nurvala Buch.-Ham,
Family :- Capparaceae
Synonyms :- Crateva lophosperma Kurz, Crateva religiosa var. nurvula (Buch.-Ham.) Hook.f. & Thomson
Regional Name :– English : Three leaved caper, Hindi : Baruna, Barna, Sanskrit : Varana, Punjabi : Barna, Barnahi, Bengali : Varuna, Gujrati : Vayvarno, Varano, Kannada : Bipatri, Mattamavu, Neervalamara, Kashmiri : Kath, Malayalam : Neermatalam, Marathi : Vayavarna, Haravarna, Varon, Oriya : Baryno, Tamil : Maralingam, Telugu : Bilvarani,
Part Used :- Stem Bark.
Description :- Varun is a wild or cultivated small to medium-sized, deciduous tree that may reach a height of 50 feet. It is found along streams, also in dry, deep boulder formation in Sub-Himalayan tracts, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Bengal and Assam. . Thickness of bark usually 1-1.5 cm according to the age, outer surface, greyish to greyish-brown with ash grey patches, at places, surface rough due to a number of lenticels, shallow fissures and a few vertical or longitudinal ridges, inner most surface smooth and cream white in colour, tough and short fracture, indistinct odour, slightly bitter in taste.
Phytoconstituents :- Alkaloids, Triterpenes, Tannins, Saponins, Flavonoids, plant sterols and glucosilinates
Ayurvedic Properties :- Rasa : Tikta, Kasaya, Guna : Laghu, Ruksa, Vipaka : Katu, Virya : Usna, Karma : Dipana, Bhedi, Vataslesmahara.
Ayurvedic Applications :- Asmari, Gulma, Mutrakrcchra, Vidradhi
Medicinal Uses :- It is used in Kidney disease, urinary calculi, dysuria (painful urination) and cystitis, anorexia, tumors and liver disorders and externally. It is used as a poultice for the treatment of cervical adenitis, abscess, enlarged spleen, rheumatic joint pain, and edematous wounds.