Unnab

Botanical Name :- Ziziphus sativa Gaertn,

Family :- Rhamnaceae.

Synonyms :- Ziziphus jujube Mill., Ziziphus jujuba Lam., Ziziphus mauritiana Lam, Ziziphus zizyphus (L.) H.Karst, Ziziphus vulgaris Lam.

Regional Name :- English : Jujube, Hindi : Desi Ber, Sanskrit : Koli, Badari, Urdu : Ber, Punjabi : Desi ber, Gujrati : Bor, Assamese : Vagari, Bengali : Kul Vadar, Vadar, Vadai, Narkolikul, Kannada : Borehannu, Malayalam : Lanta, Lantakkura, Marathi : Bor, Oriya : Borakoli, Tamil : Ilandai, Telgu : Regi.

Part Used :- Fruit.

Description :- Unnab is a small, evergreen sub-deciduous tree, wild and also extensively cultivated throughout the country and found in Himalayan region upto about 1370 m.Pulp pieces irregular in shape, shrunk, with external surface smooth and glossy, 2 mm in thickness, brittle, colour, orange red; odour, not distinct; taste, sour.

Phytoconstituents :- Vitamin C, Sugars, Minerals, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and carotene, proteins, fat, and carbohydrates. The fruits are also rich in B group of vitamins i.e. Thiamine, Niacin and Riboflavin and beta carotene.

Ayurvedic Properties :- Rasa : Madhura, Amla, Kasaya, Guna : Guru, Snigdha, Vipaka : Madhura, Virya : Usna, Karma : Dipana, Grahi, Rucya, Vatahara, Pacana.

Ayurvedic Applications :- Daha, Raktavikara, Trsna, Aruci.

Medicinal Uses :- Unnab is used for anaemia, hypertonia, nephritis and nervous diseases. The fruit will impart energy without nervousness.It improves muscular strength and increases stamina. It is used internally in the treatment of chronic fatigue, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, irritability and hysteria.

Formulations