Shankhpushpi

Botanical Name :- Convolvulus prostratus Forssk, Family:- Convolvulaceae.

Synonyms :-, Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy , Convolvulus pluricaulis var. macra Clarke.

Regional Name :- English : Bind weed, Hindi : Shankhapushpi, Sanskrit : Sankhpuspa, Sankhahva, Urdu : Sankali, Punjabi : Ksirapuspi, Sankhapuspi, Sankhahuli, Bengali : Sankhapuspi, Gujrati : Shankhavali, Kannada : Bilikantisoppu, Shankhapushpi, Shankhauli, Malayalam : Sankhupuspam, Marathi : Sankhahuli, Shankhavela, Sankhapuspi, Oriya : Sankhapuspi, Tamil : Kakattam, Kakkanangudi, Karakhuratt, Sanghupushpam, Telugu : Shankhapushpi.

Part Used :- Whole plant.

Description :- Perennial herb, 10-30 cm high, with a woody base, branching basally, branches ascending or decumbent, rufous-fulvous tomentose, varying in density, patent or/and appressed. Leaves sessile, (6-) 14-30 x 3-6 mm, linear to oblong, oblanceolate to lanceolate, subacute to obtuse, villous, mid-vein prominent on the lower surface, leaf sometimes slightly mucronate. Flowers 1-3 (-5), sessile to subsessile in axillary heads, peduncles up to 20 mm long, decreasing in length upwards, finally becoming subsessile. Bracts linear to oblanceolate, acute. Bracteoles filiform. Sepals 4-7 mm long, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, acuminate, villous, proximally convex and colourless, distally green, the outer sepals longer, the inner short. Corolla 10-12 mm long. Style slender, glabrous, stigma 2-3 times the length of the style, filiform. Capsule glabrous, somewhat scarious, bilocular, subglobose, 3 mm in diameter. Seeds 2-4, brown-black, c. 2 mm long, sparsely to densely white pubescen.

Phytoconstituents :- Main chemical constituent is Alkaloids contains- convolmine, conoline, phyllabine, convoline, convosine, convolvidine, Sankhapushpine, B- sitosterol, Kaempferol, N- hexacosanol, Hydroxy Cinnamic acid.

Ayurvedic Properties: - Rasa : Katu, Tikta, Kasaya, Guna : Sara, Vipaka : Katu, Virya : Sita, Karma : Balya, Ayusya, Kaphahara, Medhya, Pittahara, Rasayana, Mohanasaka.

Ayurvedic Applications: - Apasmara, Manasaroga.

Medicinal Uses :- Sankhapuspi is used to improves memory and intelligence, improves strength, improves life expectancy, longevity, mental disorders, insomnia, induces sleep, depression, epilepsy, psychiatric disorders, Alzheimer’s disease, cough, cold, asthma and bronchitis, vomiting, constipation, high blood pressure, skin diseases, hematemesis (blood vomiting), sexual disorders of men, migraine and tension headaches.

Formulations

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