Safed Musli

Botanical Name :- Asparagus adscendens Roxb Family :- Liliaceae.

Synonyms :- Asparagopsis adscendens (Roxb.) Kunth, Asparagus satawur James A.Murray, Protasparagus adscendens (Roxb.) Kamble.

Regional Name :- English : Asparagus, Hindi : Safed musli , Sanskrit : Shreta musli, durnamari, mahavrsa, musali, satavari, svetamusali, vrsyakanda, Urdu : musli siyah, satawar, shaqaq-ul-misri, shaqaqul misri, Gujarati : Dholi musli , Punjabi : Syahoo Musali, Bengali : Dholi Musali, Talamuli Marathi : Safed musli, safeta musli,  Tamil : Tannir Vittang, Telugu : Sallogadda . Malayalam : shedeveli.

Part Used :- Roots.

Discription :- This species is globally distributed in Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Within India, it has been recorded in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh up to an altitude of 1500 m. Native to the Indian Subcontinent, the plant occurs in the tropical and sub-tropical areas of the country. The shrub is tall, thorny and erect. The stem is smooth, round, strong and whitish in color. The fleshy lateral roots are 0.25-0.5 cm thick and white.

Phytoconstituents:- It contains hecogenin, stigmasterol , carbohydrates (35-45%), fiber (25-35%), alkaloids (15-25%), saponins (2-20%), and proteins (5-10%). It contains steroidal saponins, rhamnose moieties, sarsasapogenin, alkaloids, proteins, starch, tannin, isoflavones including 8-methoxy-5,6,4’-trihydroxyisoflavone 7-0-beta-D-glucopyranoside, asparagamine, racemosol, polysaccharides.

Ayurvedic Properties :- Guna : Guru, snigdha, Rasa : madhura, Veerya : Sheeta, Vipaka : Madhura . Doshaghnata : Vata Pitta Shamaka, Kapha Vardhaka.

Ayurvedic Applications : - Arsha (piles), Dourbalya (debility or weakness), Asthi Bhanga (bone fracture), Kamala (jaundice), Shula (Abdominal colic and pain), Mutrakrichchha (dysuria), Pravahika (diarrhoea) Atisara (dysentery).

Medicinal Uses :- The roots are useful in nervous disorders, dyspepsia, tumors, scalding of urine, throat infections, tuberculosis, cough bronchitis and general debility. It helps with nervousness, pain, restless sleep, disturbing dreams and people with weak emotional and physical heart. It  is useful for treating anorexia, insomnia, hyperactive children and people who are under-weight. Asparagus is a rejuvenating female tonic for overall health and vitality. It improves uterine growth, mitigates dysmenorrheal and menorrhagia, augments fertility and imparts anabolic properties.

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