Botanical Name :- Mentha spicata L Family :- Lamiaceae
Synonyms :- . Mentha viridis (L.), L. Mentha viridis var. allodonta Topitz, Menthav iridis var. angustifolia Lej. & Courtois, Mentha viridis subsp. nouletiana (Timb.-Lagr.) Nyman, Mentha viridis var. walteriana (Opiz) Topitz., Mentha viridis f.crispata (Schrad. ex Willd.) Perard.
Regional Name :- English : Spear-Mint, Garden Mint, Hindi : Pudeenaa, Sanskrit : Putiha, Rocani, Podinakah, Punjabi : Parari pudina, Bengali : Pudinaa, Gujrati : Phudino, Marathi : Pudinaa, Tamil : Pudeenaa, Telugu : Pudeenaa
Part Used :- Whole Plant & Oil.
Description :- It is distributed across Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, Western Africa, North America , South America and various oceanic islands growing freely in every garden, but is originally a native of the Mediterranean region and it is widely cultivated throughout the plains of India. Pudina is a perennial, creeping rooted herbaceous aromatic plant of 30 to 90 cm high. Drug consists of small chopped twigs; leaves opposite, decussate, shortly petiolate, petioles 2-mm long; mature leaves 2.5 to 3.5 cm long and 1.5 to 2.0 cm broad, very minutely hairy, ovate, apex acute, coarsely dentate, comparatively smoother and darker upper surface; stem square, minutely hairy, light brown to brown color and flowers in loose cylindrical, slender spikes like, throat of calyx naked, corolla smooth, seeds are small, mucilaginous aromatic odour and slightly pungent taste.
Phytoconstituents :- Essential oil (0.2 to 0.8 percent) containing terpene such as carvone (60%) and limonene (10%) as major constituents. There are also present Phellandrine, dihydrocarveol acetate, butyric, caproic or caprylic acids.
Ayurvedic Properties :- Rasa : Katu, Guna : Laghu, Ruksa, Tiksna, Vipaka : Katu, Virya : Usna, Karma : Balya, Dipana, Kaphahara, Mutrala, Rocana, Vatahara,
Ayurvedic Applications :- Jirna, Jvara, Sula, Agnimandya, Ajirna, Aruci, Atisara, Svasa, Chardi, Adhmana, Hikka, Kasa, Krmi, Mutrakrcchra, Kasthartava, Prasutijvara, Mada, Visucika, Grahani,
Medicinal Uses :- It is used for digestive disorders including gas, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence, upper gastro-intestinal tract spasms, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), bile duct and gallbladder swelling (inflammation), gallstones and pain of colic. It is also used for sore throat, colds, headaches, fever, heart problems, toothaches, cramps, cancer, haemorrhoids and inflammation of respiratory tract. It is directly applied to the skin for swelling inside the mouth, arthritis, local muscle and nerve pain, and skin conditions including pruritus and urticaria. It is used in foods, beverages, mouthwash toothpaste as a flavoring agent.