Botanical Name :- Bombax ceiba L. Family :- Bombacaceae.
Synonyms :- Bombax malabaricum DC., Salmalia malabarica Schott. & Endl., Bombax heptaphyllum Cav., Bombax tussacii Urb., Bombax aculeatum L., Gossampinus thorelii Bakh.
Regional Name :- English : Silk-Cotton Tree, Hindi :Semal, Semar, Sanskrit :Moca, Picchila, Raktapuspa, Kantakadhya, Tulini, Urdu :Sembhal, Punjabi :Simble, Gujrati :Shemalo, Assamese :Semul, Bengali :Shimul, Simul, Kannada :Kempuburunga, Malayalam :Mullilavu, Marathi :Sanvar, Katesavar, Tamil :Elavam, Telgu :Buruga.
Part Used :- Exudate.
Description :- Mochras is a deciduous tree attaining a height up to 40 m and a girth up to 6 m or more and distributed throughout the hotter parts of the country. This species is native to Pakistan and India, globally distributed from Indo-Malesia to Australia. Within India, it is widely distributed throughout, including the Andamans, up to an altitude of 1500 m. Bark 0.5-1 cm thick, pale-ashy to silvery-grey externally, brownish internally, external surface rough with vertical and transverse cracks, mucilaginous on chewing; fracture, fibrous. Exudates of stem traded in name of Mochras. Used in Ayurveda, Sidha and Folk system of Medicine.
Phytoconstituents :- Saponins, Tannins and Gums.
Ayurvedic Properties :- Rasa : Madhura, Kasaya, Guna : Laghu, Picchila, Snigdha, Vipaka : Madhura, Virya : Sita, Karma : Sothahara, Kaphavardhaka, Pittahara, Vatahara, Dahaprasamana.
Ayurvedic Applications :- Raktapitta, Vrana, Daha, Yuvanapidika.
Medicinal Uses :- It is used to treat dysentery, haemoptysis of pulmonary tuberculosis, influenza, menorrhagia, burning sensation, strangury, blood impurities, skin eruptions, splenomegaly, chronic inflammations, ulcers, gonorrhoea and for restoring skin color.