Pterocarpus santalinus L.f.
Lingoum santalinum (L.f.) Kuntze
English : Red Sanders, Red Sandal Wood, Hindi :Raktachandanam, Lalchandana,Sanskrit :Raktanga, Ksudracndana, Raktasara, Urdu. : Sandal Surkh, Punjabi : Lal Chandan, Assamese: Sandale, Sandal Ahmar, Bengali :Raktachandana, Gujrati :Ratanjali, Lalchandan, Kannada :Raktha Chandanam, Malayalam :Rakta Chandanam, Marathi :Rakta Chandana, Tamil :Senchandanam, Telugu :Erra Chandanamu.
It is mostly found in southern Andhra Pradesh (India) with sporadic presence in some of the adjoining areas of Tamil Nadu (Chennai) and Karnataka at an altitude of 150-900 m. Lal chandan is a medium sized, deciduous tree up to 10-11 m high and 1.5 m in girth, rounded crown; bark blackish-brown, deeply cut into rectangular plates, yielding a deep red latex when cut; heartwood extremely hard, dark purple. Leaves usually imparipinnate, 10-18 cm long; leaflets 3, rarely 4-5, 3.8-7.6 cm long, broadly ovate or orbicular, coriaceous, apex obtuse, slightly emarginate, undersurface pale and clothed with fine grey hairs.
The main constituents of Lal chandan are Glycosides, Colouring Matter. It contains Pterocarpol, Santalin A, B, pterocarptriol, Pterocarpodiolone, Lupenediol, Pterostilbene, Homopterocarpin.
Rasa :Madhura, Tikta, Guna : Guru, Ruksa, Virya :Sita, Vipaka :Katu, Karma :Pittahara, Vrsya, Visaghna, Netraroga.
Chardi, Jwara, Trsna, Raktadosahara, Tvara, Vrana.
The heart-wood of Lal chandan is used to treat Vomiting, chronic Fever, excessive thirst, tiredness, fatigue, hiccough, cold, psychiatric disorders ,intrinsic haemorrhage, nasal bleeding, heavy periods, menorrhagia, fracture, diarrhoea, gastritis, burning sensation, skin infections, Poisoning, spider-poisoning, Toxic conditions and defects of vision. Its heartwood powder is made into paste with water and applied over face as facepack for 5 – 10 minutes, for glowing skin and to heal acne.