Botanical Name :- Senna occidentalis (L.) Link, Family :- Leguminosae.
Synonyms :- Cassia occidentalis L., Cassia occidentalis (L.) Rose, Cassia obliquifolia Schrank, Cassia macradenia Collad., Cassia foetida Pers., Cassia falcata L., Cassia ciliata Raf., Cassia caroliniana Walter, Cassia planisiliqua L., Cassia planisiliqua Burm. f., Ditramexa occidentalis Britton & Rose, Ditremexa occidentalis (L.) Britton & Wilson.
Regional Name :- English: , Coffee Senna, Septicweed, Hindi : Barikasaumdi, Barikasondi, Chakunda, Kasaumdi, Kasonda, Kasondi, Sanskrit : Arimarda, Dipana, Jarana, Kalankata, Kasaghna, Kasamara, Kasamarda, Kannada : Dodda Thagachi, Doddatagace, Doddatagache, Malayalam: Karintakara, Mattantakara, Narrantakara, Natatagara, Marathi : Kasivda, Kasoda, Tamil : Kattuccena, Kattuttakarai, Narattantakarai, Narrantakarai, Telugu : Kasinda, Kasindha, Kasinta, Kasintha,
Part Used :- Seed & Whole Plant.
Description :- It is globally distributed in the Pantropics. Within India, it is found throughout as a weed in waste places and near dwellings growing up to an altitude of 1500 m. in northern India. It is an unarmed slender upright and short-lived (annual or biennial) shrub, 0.5-2.5 m tall, distinguished by foetid odour. Its once-compound leaves consist of 3-7 pairs of leaflets (2-10 cm long and 2-3 cm wide) that have pointed tips. A mounded gland at base of leaf stalk, no glands between leaflets. There is a conspicuous dark-colored gland near the base of the stalk of each leaf.
Phytoconstituents :- Its Pericarp contains : C-flavonosides of apigenin; Flowers: emodin,physcion and its Beta-glucopyranoside; Seeds: chrysolein, linoleic, linolenic and oleic acids, campesterol, 8-carbomethoxy-1, 7-dihydroxy-3-methylxanthone (cassiollin-pinselin), helminthosporin, islandicin, xanthorin, N-methyl morpholine, tannic acid and toxalbumin, Leaves: aloe-emodin, bianthraquinone, chrysophanol, dianthronic heterosides, rhein and potassium chelidonate; Roots: chrysophenol, emodin, physcion, 1,7-dihydroxy-5-methoxycarbony-1-3-methylxanthone and Beta-sitosterol.
Ayurvedic Properties :- Rasa : Tikta-bitter, Madhura-sweet, Guna : Laghu-light to digest, Ruksha-Dryness, Vipaka : Katu, Virya : Ushna, Tikasna, Prabhava, Vrushya.
Ayurvedic Applications :- Jwara, Kushta, Arsha, Raktadosha-blood impurity such as acne, skin diseases, bleeding disorders, Sotha, Kasa.
Medicinal Uses :- It is used in the treatment of a whooping cough, colds, eczema, dyspepsia, throat inflammation, asthma, bronchitis, fever, convulsion, flu and against poisonous snake bites. Seeds and leaves are applied externally in skin diseases and treating piles. It is also useful in treating filariasis, haemorrhoids, gout, laxative, rheumatism, diabetes, rheumatism, hypertension, dropsy, biliousness and ringworm.