Myrica esculenta Buch.- Ham. ex D. Don.,
Myrica sapida Wall.
English : Box Myrtle, Bay Berry, Hindi : Kayphal, Sanskrit : Mahavalkala, Urdu : Kaiphal, Punjabi : Kanphal, Kayphal, Gujrati : Kayphal, Assamese : Ajooree, Vdulbark, Bengali : Kayachhal, Katphal, Kayphal, Kannada : Kadujai, Kai, Katphala, Kirisivari, Kirishivane, Malayalam : Marut, Marathi : Kaayphal, Tamil : Marudam, Marudampatai, Telgu : Kaidaryamu.
Kaiphal is globally distributed across Indo-Malesian region. Within India, it is found in Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. Kaiphal is a dioecious, evergreen, small or moderate sized tree, 3-15 m high. Fruits are A drupe, ellipsoid or ovoid, 0.7-1.0 cm long, 0.5-0.7 cm wide, dark brown, surface tubercled, very hard; taste, sourish sweet. Seed are ovoid, 0.6 cm long, 0.3 cm wide, surface very smooth, light brown; taste, oily.
Rasa : Katu, Tikta, Kasaya, Guna : Laghu, Tiksna, Vipaka : Katu, Virya : Usna, Karma : Kaphavatahara, Rucya, Dahahara, Mukharogasamaka, Dhatuvikarajit.
Gulma, Meha, Jvara, Arsa, Grahani, Panduu Roga, Hrallasa, Mukha Roga, Kasa, Svasa.
It is used in Fever, Cold, Cough, Asthma, Bronchitis as well as other lung diseases. It is used in Leucorrhea, Haemorrhage diseases. It is also used in Wounds and Ulcer.