Fabaceae / Leguminosae.
English : Persian Manna Plant, Hindi :Javasa, Sanskrit :Yavasa, Yasa, Yavasaka, Assamese :Bhatuashak, Gujrati :Javaso, Kannada :Turuchanagida, Javasa, Neladangara, ballidurabi, Duralabha, Malayalam :Venkatithura, ValiyaKotithuva, Marathi :Dhamasa, Tamil :Punaikanjuri, Kanchori, Telugu :Chinnadoolagondi, Dhanvayasamu, Urdu :Turanjabeen.
It is a small thorny shrub, mostly distributed from Mediterranean and Sahara to central Asia. In India it is grown in Himalayas, Ganges valley, Kashmir, Punjab, Bihar, Rajasthan , Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat. It is well developed, 20-30 cm long and 0.2-1 cm thick; gradually tapering, secondary and tertiary root absent; dark brown; fracture, short.
It contains Sugars (Melizitose, Sucrose, Invert Sugars). It also contains the B - Phenethylamine, N - Methyl - B - Phenethylamine, N - Methyl tyramine, Hordmine, 3,4 - Dihydroxy - B - phenethyl - trimethyl ammonium hydrozide., 3 methoxy - 4 - hydrozyl - B Phenethyltrimethyl ammonium hydroxide, N - methyl mescaline, Salsolidine and have small quantity of choline &Betaline.
Rasa : Madhura, Tikta, Kasaya, Guna: Laghu, Sara, Virya : Sita, Vipaka :Madhura, Karma : Balakrt, Dipana, Kaphahara, Pittahara.
Chardi, Jvara, Kasa, Raktapitta, Trsna, Vatarakta, Visarpa.
It is used as a gastroprotective, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, used in asthma and respiratory conditions, as laxative. It is also used in diarrhoea, skin diseases, rheumatism, useful in gout, haemorrhoids, relieves excessive thirst, glandular tumors, nasal polyps, and ailments related to the bile ducts.