Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels
Myrtus cumini L., Eugenia jambolana Lam., Eugenia cumini (L.) Druce.
English : Jambul tree , Hindi : Jamuna, Punjabi : Jaamun , Bengali : Badjam, Kalajam , Gujrati : Gambu, Jamun , Kannada : Nerale Beeja, Jambu Nerale , Malayalam : Njaval , Marathi : Jambul , Oriya : Jam Kol, Jamu Kol , Tamil : Naval , Telugu : Alla Nereduchettu, Neredu chettu.
Seed, leaves & Stem bark.
This species is globally distributed from Indo-Malaysia to Australia. Within India, it is said to be found throughout, except in desert areas, either in wild or cultivated forms. It is a large evergreen tree, attaining a height of 30 m and a girth of 3.6 m with a bole up to 15 m, found throughout India up to an altitude of 1,800 m. Fruit contains 2-5 seeds, compressed together into a mass resembling a single seed, the whole seed enclosed in a cream coloured, coriaceous covering, smooth, oval or roundish 1 cm long, 1 cm wide, brownish-black; taste, astringent.
Glycoside (Jamboline), Tannin, Ellagic acid and Gallic acid.
Rasa : Madhura, Amla, Kasaya , Guna : Guru, Ruksa , Virya : sita , Vipaka : Katu , Karma : Grahi, Kaphahara, Pittahara, Vistambhi, Vatala.
It help reduce cholesterol levels in diabetes. It help in the control over several drug-resistant bacterial infections, reduced blood glucose and control ulcers by reduction of gastric secretions. It is used in diseases like Diabetes, Polyuria, piles and also liver problems, Liver Disorders, Diarrhoea and Dysentery.