Botanical NameCapparis spinosa L.
SynonymsCapparis spinosa f. kruegeriana (Pamp.) Pamp.,Capparis spinose var. kruegeriana (Pamp.) Jafri, Capparis spinose var. ovata (Desf.)Batt.
Regional NameEnglish : Ceper Plant, Hindi : Kabara, Hainsaa, Kanthara, Sanskrit : Himsra, Kanthari, Tiksna, Kantaka Tiksnaagandha, Urdu :Kaba, Punjabi :Barar, Kaur, Bengali : Kabra, Gujrati :Kabaree, Kannada :Katharimullinagida, Mullukattari, Malayalam : Capparo, Marathi : Kabar, Oriya : Kantiphali, Telugu : Kokilakshamu,
DescriptionHimsra is grows in Afghanistan, West Asia, Europe, North Africa and Australia. In India it grows from Punjab and Rajasthan to the Deccan Peninsula. Himsra is a thorny shrub distributed in the plains, lower Himalayas, and Western Ghats. Root pieces are up to 5.5 cm in thickness; bark rough to touch, thick showing longitudinal lenticels; freshly broken surface light yellowish; wood hard and compact remnants of robust and slender rootlets present on the bark; colour varies from paleyellow to reddish-brown; no particular odour or taste.
PhytoconstituentsHimsra contains glycosides, flavonoids, reducing sugars, saponins, starch and terpenoids. It is also contain alkaloid stachydrine and 3-hydroxystachydrine. Glucobrassicin, neoglucobrassicin and 4-methoxyglucobrassicin. It is also contains glucosinolates, glucoiberin, glucocapparin, sinigrin, glucocleomin and glucocapangatin. The plant also contains rutin.
Ayurvedic PropertiesRasa :Katu, Tikta, Guna :Laghu, Ruksa,Vipaka :Katu, Virya :Usna, Karma :Dipani, Kaphahara, Vatahara, Rucya.
Ayurvedic ApplicationsArsa, Gulma, Kasa, Vatarakta, Vrana, Vatavikara, Svasa,Galaganda, Amavata, Grdhrasi, Raktagranthi,Vatikayoniroga, Vatasopha, Granthi.
Medicinal UsesIt is used in preliminary treatment of acute viral hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, piles, digestive disorders, anaemia, edema, abscess, inflammation, cough, asthma, Dyspnoea, Anorexia, joint aches and rheumatism. It is also used in vata disorders causing neuro muscular pains, sciatica and spondylosis.