Botanical Name :- Arnebia benthamii (Wall. ex G.Don) I.M.Johnst., Family :- Boraginaceae.
Synonyms :- Lithospermum benthamii (Wall. ex G. Don) I.M. Johnst., Macrotomia benthamii (Wall. ex G. Don) A. DC.
Regional Name :- Hindi : Gaozaban, Balchadi, Nepali : Mahaarangee, Ulte bhutkesh, Kashmiri : Gaozabaan,
Part Used :- Root.
Description :- It is a distinctive hairy perennial plant. Stout, leaf stems can grow to a height of 60 cm, bearing very dense shaggy haired cylindrical spike of red-purple flowers, and much longer grey- hairy bracts. Leaves are linear, narrow lance-like, and bristly-haired. It is distributed in the Hindu Kush Himalayan range across Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Nepal in an altitude range of 3000-4300 m. Within India, it is found in Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
Phytoconstituents :- It contains alkaloids, phenols, anthraquinones, and flavonoids. It also contains deoxyshikonin, β,β-dimethylacryloylshikonin, shikonin, acetyshikonin, β-sitosterol, propionylshikonin and acetoxyisovalerylalkannin.
Ayurvedic Properties :- Rasa : Tikta, Katu, Kasaya, Guna : Snigdha, Tiksna, Virya : Usna, Vipaka : Katu, Karma : Vatahara, Kaphahara.
Ayurvedic Applications :- :- Gulma, Jvara, Kandu, Krmi, Kustha, Sotha, Prameha, Tvak roga, Udara.
Medicinal Uses :- It is used in diseases of the mouth and throat, also in the treatment of fevers and debility. It is used for treating cough, hair treatment, fever, cardiac disorders, inflammation, cuts and wound healing.