Botanical Name :- Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A.Webb, Family:- Rosaceae.
Synonyms :- Prunus amygdalus Batsch, Amygdalus amara Duhamel, Amygdalus communis L., Amygdalus dulcis Mill., Amygdalus fragilis Borkh., Amygdalus sativa Mill., Prunus communis Fritsch, Prunus communis (L.) Arcang.
Regional Name :- English : Almond, Hindi : Badam, Sanskrit : Vatamah, Tamil : Vatamkottai, Kannada : Badaami, Malayalam : Badam, Badamkotta, Marathi : Baadaam, Telugu : Badamvittulu, Paarsibaadami.
Part Used :- Seed & Oil.
Description :- Badam is a native to the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent and North Africa. The almond is a deciduous tree, growing 4–10 m (13–33 ft) in height, with a trunk of up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter. The leaves are 9-15 Cm (3–5 inches), long, with a serrated margin and 2.5 cm (1 in.) petiole. The flowers are white to pale pink, 3–5 cm (1–2 in) diameter with five petals, produced singly or in pairs and appearing before the leaves in early spring. The almond fruit measures 3.5–6 cm (1–2 in) long, it is not a nut but a drupe. The outer covering or exocarp, inside the hull, is a reticulated, hard, woody shell (like the outside of a peach pit) called the endocarp. Inside the shell is the edible seed.
Phytoconstituents :- The fruit of the wild forms contains the glycoside amygdalin. Almond fruit contains- B vitamins riboflavin, niacin, thiamine, vitamin B6, and folate; choline vitamin E, and the essential minerals potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, and zinc. It is also rich in dietary fibre, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, contain phytosterols such as beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, sitostanol, and campestanol.
Ayurvedic Properties :- Rasa : Madhura, Amla, Kasaya, Guna : Guru, Snigdha, Vipaka : Madhura, Virya : Usna, Karma : Dipana, Grahi, Rucya, Vatahara, Pacana.
Ayurvedic Applications :- Anaha, Arsa, Grdhrasi, Gandamala, Gulma, Kandu, Kaphavataja roga, Krmi, Kustha, Sotha, Prameha, Udara, Udavarta.
Medicinal Uses: It is used for the treatment of kidney stones, gallstones, bladder and biliary cleanser. It is also used for cancer (esp. bladder, breast, mouth, spleen, and uterus), carcinomata, condylomata, corns, indurations and tumors. It is also used for asthma, cold, corns, cough, dyspnea, eruptions, itching, gingivitis, heartburn, lungs, skin, sores, spasms, constipation, stomatitis, and ulcers.