Mangifera indica L.
Mangifera austroyunnanensis Hu.
English : Mango, Hindi : Aam, Sanskirat : Amrabijamajja, Urdu : Aam, Bengali : Am, Gujrati : Aambaro, Ambanoo, Aambo, Keri, Kannada : Amavina, Malayalam : Manga, Marrathi : Aamba, Oriya : Amkoili, Ambakoiti, Punjabi : Amb, Tamil : Mangottai Paruppu, Maangottai, Telgu : Mamidi-Jeedi,
Amra is a tree found wild or cultivated throughout the country. It is also found in Central America, South, West and Central Africa, South Korea, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Amra tree is evergreen and erect growing up to 20-45 mt in height with oval, upright, dome shaped crown and stout trunk. Seed are 3 - 4.5 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm wide, ovoid, oblong covered with wrinkled integument, both outer and inner integument closely united, outer integument buff coloured, inner integument reddish-brown; taste, bitter and astringent. Different parts of this plant which can be used for multiple purposes. Fruits, seeds, pulp, bark, leaves, roots and almost any part of the plant are used for medicinal purpose.
It contains Tannins, Pyrogallotannins, Protocatechuic Acid, Catechin, Mangiferin, Alanine, Glycine, α -Aminobutyric acid, Kinic and Shikimic Acids. It also contains saponins, triterpenes, hydrocarbons, xanthones, phenolics, chromones, fatty acids and essential oil. It also contains Vitamin A as well as Vitamin C.
Rasa : Madhura, Kasaya, Guna : Ruksa, Virya : Sita, Vipaka : Katu, Karma : Vatakara, Sangrahi, Krmighna.
Atisara, Pravahika,Chrdi, Daha, Tvagroga.
It is used to relieve dysentery, diarrhoea, asthma, cough, bronchitis, hypertension, insomnia, anaemia, rheumatism, haemorrhage, piles and leucorrhoea. It is used in wound healing and prevent bleeding from fresh injuries.